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Articles (Monuments)

The Roman state existed in practice for XIII centuries, being the power which was impacting the history. Therefore, I decided that I would tell the history of ancient Rome in the articles below, which will not necessarily cover only the Eternal City.

I encourage you to send articles and point out any corrections or inaccuracies.

Hercules tower

The Tower of Hercules (Torre de Hércules) is located in Spain, in the city of A Coruna (official name in Galician). It is the only Roman lighthouse that has survived to our times and the oldest still operating lighthouse in the world.

Hercules tower

Ancient city Tomis

The town of Constanta, situated on the Black Sea coast, having 300 thousand population, is the main port and tourist resort of Romania. The city has an interesting history, dating back to Greek settlement. In antiquity, it was called Tomis.

Foundations of Roman houses in Constanta

Via Appia – queen of Roman roads

Via Appia (Appian Way), also called Via Appia Antica, it was one of the oldest Roman roads We can admire numerous fragments of which to this day. The total length of the Appian road is over 530 km, which proves how well developed the Roman Empire was.

Via Appia Antica

Roman villa in Eigeltingen

The Roman villa in Eigeltingen, Germany, is one of approximately 3,500 Roman farms in what is today the Land of Baden-Württemberg. The area on which the farm was located is looked after by the Association for the Support of the Roman Farm in Eigeltingen.

Rebuilt farm building in Eigeltingen

Embankment on Hadrian’s Wall

Hadrian’s Wall, Vallum Hadriani, is perhaps the most famous of the Roman limes. It was built in the years 121-129 CE and stretched 117 kilometres in the present-day village of Bowness on the Solway Firth to the Segedunum fortress (today it is Wallsend on Tyne).

Hadrian's Wall

City walls – a lesser-known face of Pompeii

The city walls of Pompeii were not built by the Romans, but by a local Italic people, an Osco-Samnite population, long before the formal incorporation of the city into the Roman state after the Social War (1st century BC). During this war, the Samnite fortifications allowed Pompeii to resist – perhaps with success – the legions of Lucius Cornelius Sulla. What did the fortifications look like and what do we know about their centuries-old history?

Tower XI and the city wall in Pompeii

Torre Annunziata and Villa of Empress

The small village of Torre Annunziata is located near Pompeii. Most tourists who visit the ruins of ancient cities pass this place completely unaware of the treasure hidden there. Meanwhile, it is worth going off the beaten track to enjoy a real jewel of antiquity in peace and quiet, and without the crowds omnipresent in the season, which has survived to this day in a time capsule, which turned out to be volcanic ashes.

Villa in Oplontis

Aqueduct in Segovia

One of the best preserved Roman aqueducts to our time is located in Segovia to the northwest from Madrid. Despite the initial dating for the first century CE in 2016 some researches (analysing finds from 1998) were added, which point to completion of a building in first decades of second century during the reign of Trajan or Hadrian. Any bronze letters, which could inform us about construction date or constructor’s name haven’t been preserved.

Segovia aqueduct

Amphitheater in Pula

The Roman city Pietas Julia (now Croatian Pula) was a thriving urban center. Trade contributed to this especially because the settlement was erected (even before the arrival of the Romans), on the bay which is an excellent natural port. It was precisely thanks to the economic importance of the Romanum Pietas Julia that it developed, which also resulted in the construction of more and more impressive public buildings, such as temples, baths and cultural facilities.

Reconstruction of the course of the battle at the foot of the Harzhorn  hill during the campaign of Emperor Maximinus Thrac in 235 CE

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