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Battles of ancient Rome

Ancient Rome, a highly expansionistic empire, was involved in many wars. Led by brilliant generals, highly trained and superbly equipped Roman forces could win against an enemy army twice as strong in numbers. There were, of course, some defeats, like the battles of Cannae or Teutoburg Forest. The Roman armies have already confirmed their imperial status at the beginning of 2nd century BCE, by massacring the Macedonian army at Cynoscephalae in Thessaly, in 197 BCE Seven years later Roman legions defeated, at Magnesia in Asia Minor, armies of the Seleucid, considered the prime power of the Hellenic world. Thus the legions proved themselves the finest army in the region. The decline of legions’ power became apparent in the 3rd century of the Common Era. Eventually, the ‘Germanisation’ of the Roman army and consequential loss of fighting prowess resulted in the fall of both army and the Roman state.

Battle of Aegates

(10 March 241 BCE)

Battle of the Aegates (241 BCE) was the defeat of Carthage, which finally sealed the fate of her army in Sicily and the defeat in the war.

Roman ship

Battle of Cape Ecnomos

(256 BCE)

The sea battle near Cape Eknomos (256 BCE) was fought between the Roman fleet and the Carthaginian fleet during the First Punic War. The Roman side won.

Corvus - Roman raven

Battle of Catalaunian Plains

(451 CE)

The Battle of the Catalaunian Plains (451 CE) took place between the Western Roman Empire and the Huns. It ended with a victory for Rome.

The Huns during the Battle of the Catalaunian Plains, Alphonse de Neuville

Battle of Zela

(47 BCE)

Battle of Zela (47 BCE) took place during the struggle of the Romans with the king of Pontus Pharnakes II. Ultimately, Caesar achieved a significant victory, and the entire campaign lasted 5 days.

Julius Caesar

Battle of Chaeronea and Orchomenos

(86 BCE)

Battle of Chaeronea and Orchomenos (86 BCE) were another clashes in Greece, in which Roman troops defeated the Pontic army and stopped the expansion of the growing, ambitious Mithridates VI.

Kingdom of Mithridates before the war

Battle of Immae

(272 CE)

Battle of Immae (272 CE) was a clash between Roman troops and the army of Zenobia, queen of Palmyra. The Roman side won.

Zenobia's coin

Battle of Caudine Forks

(321 BCE)

Battle of Caudine Forks (321 BCE) was the defeat of the Romans during the Second Samnite War in the years 327-304 BCE.

Fresco depicting the battle of Caudine Forks

Battle of Drepanum

(249 BCE)

Battle of Drepanum (249 BCE) was a battle at sea between Carthage and Rome in the First Punic War. It was the only case of a Roman pogrom at sea during the Punic Wars.

Ancient ships

Battle of Tricamerum

(533 CE)

Battle of Tricamerum (533 CE) was another victory for Belisarius - the leader of Byzantium over the Vandal armies. With the loss of about 50 people, more than 800 were laid dead. Many prisoners and enormous loot were taken, and in fact the fate of the campaign was decided.

A mosaic showing Belisarius

Battle of Cynoscephalae

(197 BCE)

Battle of Cynoscephalae (197 BCE) was the decisive clash between Rome and Macedonia in the Second Macedonian War.

Battlefield of Cynoscephalae

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