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Battles of ancient Rome

Ancient Rome, a highly expansionistic empire, was involved in many wars. Led by brilliant generals, highly trained and superbly equipped Roman forces could win against an enemy army twice as strong in numbers. There were, of course, some defeats, like the battles of Cannae or Teutoburg Forest. The Roman armies have already confirmed their imperial status at the beginning of 2nd century BCE, by massacring the Macedonian army at Cynoscephalae in Thessaly, in 197 BCE Seven years later Roman legions defeated, at Magnesia in Asia Minor, armies of the Seleucid, considered the prime power of the Hellenic world. Thus the legions proved themselves the finest army in the region. The decline of legions’ power became apparent in the 3rd century of the Common Era. Eventually, the ‘Germanisation’ of the Roman army and consequential loss of fighting prowess resulted in the fall of both army and the Roman state.

Battle of Thermopylae

(191 BCE)

The Battle of Thermopylae (191 BCE) was the victory of the Romans over the army of the Selucid king Antioch III. The clash took place in the legendary Thermopylae Gorge, where the Spartans defended themselves three centuries earlier.

Battle of the Trebia

(December 218 BCE)

Battle of the Trebia (218 BCE) was the first great clash between Carthage and Rome in the Second Punic War. The troops of the Republic were completely defeated by Hannibal's army.

Battle of Aoi Stena gorge

(198 BCE)

The battle in the Aoi Stena Gorge (198 BCE) is another characteristic clash characteristic of the wars in the Hellenistic East. Roman troops pushed Macedonian troops out of the gorge and forced them to retreat.

Battle of Pydna

(22 June 168 BCE)

The Battle of Pydna (168 BCE) was a clash between the Roman army under Emilius Paulus and the Macedonians. It prejudged the fall of Greece.

Battle of Baecula

(208 BCE)

Battle of Baecula was another victory of Scipio Africanus over the Carthaginian armies in Spain. The battle was important for the further development of Roman war art. Scipio copied Hannibal's tactics, placing stronger troops on the wings, leaving the center to the light infantry.

Capture of New Carthage

(209 BCE)

The capture of New Carthage (209 BCE) was a great success of the Roman army under the command of African Scipio, during the Second Punic War. Rome after a series of defeats regained faith in his own strength and proved determination.

Battle of Zama

(19 October 202 BCE)

The Battle of Zama (202 BCE) was a great victory of Scipio Africanus over Hannibal, which determined the defeat of Carthage in the Second Punic War.

Battle of Actium

(2 September 31 BCE)

The Battle of Actium (31 BCE) was a decisive battle in the civil war between Octavian and Antonius and the Egyptian Queen Cleopatra who supported him.

Battle of Cannae

(2 August 216 BCE)

The Battle of Cannae (216 BCE) was the biggest defeat of Roman army in history. Maneuver from Cannae was an innovative solution of Hannibal, the Carthaginian commander.

Siege of Masada

(72/73 CE)

The siege of Masada (72/73 CE) performed by the Romans was one of the last points of resistance in the Jewish war. After the capture of the walls, a massacre appeared to the eyes of the Romans.

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