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Biographies of Romans (Politicians and generals)

In the history of ancient Rome, appeared many famous figures. Many of them have been remembered as cruel tyrants, eg. Caligula, Nero or Caracalla. Others, on the other hand, became famous as great reformers: Augustus, Claudius, Marcus Aurelius, Diocletian, and Constantine the Great. Also, do not forget about the Roman commanders, who often rescued the Roman state from extermination.

The great creators of Roman culture who also significantly influenced the further development of the world were also remembered. I will present people who have become famous for their great deeds.

Marcus Junius Brutus

(85 or 78 - 23 October 42 BCE)

Marcus Junius Brutus was a politician and Roman leader. A supporter of optimates. He was among the leaders of the plot against Caesar and was one of the killers.

Marcus Junius Brutus

Lucius Licinius Lucullus

(117 - 56 BCE)

Lucius Licinius Lucullus was a Roman commander and politician. Sulla's supporter, famous for his victories in the war with the ruler of Pontus, Mithridates VI Eupator.

Lucullus came from a distinguished plebeian family

Pontius Pilate

Pontius Pilate was the Roman prefect of Judea. According to the Gospels, Pontius approved Jesus' death sentence.

Christ and Pilate, Nikolai Ge

Lucius Quinctius Cincinnatus

(519 - 430 BCE)

Lucius Quincius Cincinnatus was a Roman consul and dictator from the mid-5th century BCE. Cincinnatus has been invoked many times as a model of civic virtue.

Statue of Lucius Quincius Cincinnatus in Paris

Lucius Sergius Catilina

(108 - 62 BCE)

Lucius Sergius Catilina was born in 108 BCE. He was a Roman senator in the 1st century BCE who went down in history as the initiator of a conspiracy called the Conspiracy of Catilina. This plot was intended to overthrow the republic and the aristocratic Senate. However, he was prevented as a last resort by the famous speaker and politician Cicero.

Silhouette of a depressed and worried Catilina in the painting Cicero exposing Catilina by Cesare Maccari

Scipio Africanus the Younger

(185 - 129 BCE)

Scipio Africanus the Younger was an outstanding Roman commander from the period of the Third Punic War who conquered Carthage. An advocate of ancient Roman ideals.

Sculpture probably showing Scipio Africanus the Younger

Gaius Marius

(157/6 - 13 January 86 BCE)

Gaius Marius was a great Roman general and seven times elected consul. He became famous for defeating the Teutons and Cimbri and carrying out the reform of the Roman army.

Gaius Marius

Scipio Africanus the Elder

(236 - 183 BCE)

Scipio Africanus the Elder was a Roman commander and politician. He went down in history as the defender of Rome against Hannibal and the winner of Zama in 202 CE.

Bust of Scipio Africanus the Elder

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