A dolium is a large terracotta vessel used from the time of the Republic until the Middle Ages to store or transport liquid goods such as wine and oil. It often had markings indicating its capacity (usually around 1000 liters) or the place of execution.
A dolium with its contents was loaded onto ships, but it was also used by the Romans to store liquids. It was buried in the ground and referred to as a dolia defossa.
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