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Augustus of Prima Porta

This post is also available in: Polish (polski)

The so-called statue of Augustus of Prima Porta stood in the private villa of Empress Livia in Prima Porta, near Rome. This is probably the posthumous appearance of the emperor, as evidenced by his bare feet – nudity symbolized the death of the depicted person, but the emperor fighting for the renewal of Roman customs was not decided to present in this form, especially shortly after his death. Instead, the pars pro toto principle was used – literally part of the whole – bare feet were supposed to symbolize the nakedness of the whole body.

At the foot of Augustus is located Cupid riding a dolphin. It reveals Octavian’s mythical connection to the goddess Venus (Cupid’s mother) by way of his adopted father Julius Caesar.

The armor decoration of Augustus is also extremely interesting. It commemorates important political events for the history of Rome – the recovery from the hands of the Parthans of the legionary flags lost by Crassus in 53 BCE. In the center we see the Part and a Roman, who at the hands of the barbarian receives the banner with the eagle.

On the top of the armor we see the personification of the god of the heavens, stretching the canvas of the sky, the Sun – Sol probably moves on the quadrant. On the right we see the goddess of the moon – Selene and Eos, holding a jug, as a symbol of morning dew.

To the right and left of the main performance we see two men, probably symbolizing the provinces conquered by Octavian Augustus. Below is Apollo with instruments and Diana with a doe. At the very bottom, in a reclining position, we see the goddess Ceres with a cornucopia.

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