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Curiosities of ancient Rome (Events)

The world of ancient Romans abounded in a number of amazing curiosities and information. The source of knowledge about the life of the Romans are mainly works left to us by ancient writers or discoveries. The Romans left behind a lot of strange information and facts that are sometimes hard to believe.

Siege of Masada and its defenders

In 73 CE anti-Roman riots prevailed in Judea, which general Flavius ​​Silva was supposed to quell. The Romans surrounded Masada – a Jewish fortress on the Dead Sea and erected a series of ramparts and fortifications to cut fortress defenders from food and drinking water supplies. This tactic, however, did not bring any results because the Jews had large reserves.

Masada

In nutshell, agrarian reforms of late Roman republic

Land ownership is a very important aspect of the decline of the republic in ancient Rome. First of all, because of the peasant masses that sought a new division of the land, but also because of the soldiers, who were often given land after numerous conquests.

Famous siblings: Tiberius (on the right) and Gaius Gracchus

Overthrow of constitution by Sulla

In 83 BCE Lucius Cornelius Sulla returned to Rome after the war with Mithridates VI – King of Pontu. At that time, the city was governed by Populists previously associated with Gaius Marius – his political opponent – who died a few years earlier (86 BCE). Sulla, at the head of his supporters, captured Rome and crushed the army of those who opposed him. In 82 BCE he became a dictator. Almost immediately after taking power, he decided to carry out numerous reforms that were to change the system in the Roman Republic.

Reconstruction of the image of Sulla

Defence of Aliso

In 9 CE, after the Roman forces were destroyed in the Teutoburg Forest, Arminius managed to destroy all the Roman clusters on the eastern side of the Rhine. The only fort that managed to resist the Germans was fort Aliso, whose crew was commanded by prefect Lucius Ceditius, to whom managed come the survivers from the slaughter before the Germans.

Battle in the Teutoburg Forest

Death of Cicero

In 43 BCE Cicero was on the list of proscribed (outlaws), arranged by triumvirs: Antony, Octavian and Lepidus. The greatest supporter of the death of the speaker was Antony, who hated him. On December 7, 43 BCE Cicero died in his villa in Formianum. The murder of Cicero caused a great stir.

A painting showing the death of Cicero

Death of Saturninus

Lucius Appuleius Saturninus was a well-known supporter of Gaius Marius and the tribune of the people in 100 BCE. In the same year, he began to apply for re-election and his associate and friend who at that time was the praetor and applied for the consul’s election.

Saturninus' coin

Scandal with mysteries of Bona Dea

At the beginning of May and December in Rome, an unusual mysterious feast in honour of Bona Dea (“Good Goddess”) was celebrated – an agrarian god, daughter of Faunus. The feast was worshipped only by women, due to the character of Bona Dea – a goddess who is a virgin and responsible for the fertility of women.

Clodius Pulcher on the mysteries

Io Saturnalia!

Fact that Claudius took the power in 41 CE meant that his freedmen and advisors, Narcissus, Callistus and Pallas, would be involved in ruling in Rome. They were slaves who shared power in such a way that they did no get in the way each other. Narcissus in particular had enormous support from emperor and had a really big influence on his decisions. He often acted on his behalf and represented him.

Laughing Roman legonists in Rome

Death of Caligula

The tyranny and mad rule of Caligula caused that Roman people and elites honestly hated the Emperor and feared for their lives. The most important people in the state were humiliated: for example, the consul Publius Pomponius Secundus was to shoe the emperor’s shoes while watching the spectacle. The emperor at every step also mocked high-ranking officers. Among them was i.e. Cassius Chaerea and Cornelius Sabinus.

Death of Caligula | Author: Milek Jakubiec

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