This page cannot be viewed in frames

Go to page

If you have found a spelling error, please, notify us by selecting that text and pressing Ctrl+Enter.

Nicolaus of Damascus

This post is also available in: Polish (polski)

Roman aqueduct in Tarquinia (central Italy)
Roman aqueduct in Tarquinia (central Italy)

Nicolaus of Damascus (around 64 BCE – around 14 CE) came from one of the finest families in Coele-Syria; he was a friend and a trusted diplomat of Herod the Great. He traveled alongside Herod in all oikumene, the community – helping in his diplomatic missions, including to Cleopatra, the Egyptian queen. After the death of Cleopatra and Mark Antony she was their tutor children who were taken care of by Octavia, sister of Octavian Augustus.

He was very liked by Emperor Augustus, who even return with his support for Herod – thanks to Nicolaus. The Syrian dactyls, often sent to him by Nicolaus, were called “St. Nicholas”. After the death of Herod, Nicolaus moved to Rome.

The greatest work of Nicholas was to write down the history of the world entitled “The History” (144 books in total), which described the oldest history of mankind (from Assyria) until the year 4 CE.

His other work was the biography of Emperor Octavian Augustus – “The Life of Augustus” (Bios Kaisaros) – which remains one of the most interesting sources for us about the assassination of Caesar and the situation that prevailed in Rome after the attack in 44 CE. Importantly, Nicholas of Damascus wrote in the times when Caesar and Augustus lived, therefore it can be considered that many of his messages are very credible.

  • Admission to Life of Augustus

IMPERIUM ROMANUM needs your support!

If you like the content that I collect on the website and that I share on social media channels I will be grateful for the support. Even the smallest amounts will allow me to pay for further corrections, improvements on the site and pay the server.



Find out more!

Check your curiosity and learn something new about the ancient world of the Romans. By clicking on the link below, you will be redirected to a random entry.

Random curiosity

Random curiosity

Discover secrets of ancient Rome!

If you want to be up to date with newest articles on website and discoveries from the world of ancient Rome, subscribe to the newsletter, which is sent each Saturday.

Subscribe to newsletter!

Subscribe to newsletter

Spelling error report

The following text will be sent to our editors: