Researchers at the University of Tor Vergata in Rome examined the preserved bone remains of a young woman who lived in Italy 2,000 years ago. The conclusions are that the woman could use as medicines, roots and herbs, which were only available in China.
According to the researchers, the woman suffered from celiac disease (food intolerance). Chemical residue from medicinal plants – which were not available in the Roman Empire – such as ginseng or turmeric was found on dental plaque. This proves that Rome conducted intensive trade with China.
The woman suffered from malnutrition and bone loss. According to specialists, people with severe gluten intolerance suffer from stomachache and bone problems. Particles of starch were also found on the teeth, suggesting that the Roman woman had a gluten-rich diet, which only made the condition worse.
The remains of an approximately 20-year-old woman were discovered in 2008 in Tuscany. The fact that there was gold jewelry on the body proves that it came from a higher social status.