In Novae (Bulgaria), within the Roman camp, a fragment of a document confirming the granting of citizenship to a soldier serving in a local unit was found.
Excavations are carried out on site for almost 50 years by a group of Polish archaeologists. The Roman camp was the location of the VIII Augusta and I Italica legions.
The discovery was made within the remains of a centurion’s house among the ruins. The document granted citizenship to an auxiliary soldier after serving for 25 years. It was published during the reign of Emperor Gordian III (238-244 CE).
This document consisted of two “pages” connected by a chain; which in turn was sealed by officials. This meant that content could not even be read by the owner of the document; and unsealing took place only in the presence of officials. A copy of such a document – in the form of papyrus – went to the archives in Rome.
According to specialists of this type of certificate, about a thousand were found in the former Roman Empire; but not much from the Danube. Researchers plan further research and analysis. They hope to find out the name of the veteran soldier.
IMPERIUM ROMANUM is in process of translation over 3300 Polish articles about history of ancient Rome. If you have the opportunity to financially support the further translations – even with smaller amount – I will be very grateful.