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Robigalia

(25 kwietnia)

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Robigalia
Robigalia

Robigalia was an old Roman festival in honor of the deities Robigo and Robigus, celebrated on April 25. Traditionally established by Numa Pompilius. According to the Romans, Robigo was a deity responsible for securing crops against the so-called grain rust that destroyed huge amounts of fields.

During Robigalia, the retinue of the faithful went to the sacred grove, where Flamen Quirinalis sacrificed a red dog and sheep to protect the crops from crop failure. Then races (ludi cursoribus) were organized in honor of Mars and Robigo. There were two kinds of races: the younger participants drove two-horse chariots (biga), and the more experienced ones sat in the four-horse (quadriga).

Grain rust – a nightmare also for Roman farmers.
Ars.usda.gov
Sources
  • Jaczynowska Maria, Religie świata rzymskiego, Warszawa 1987
  • Zieliński Tadeusz, Religia Rzeczypospolitej Rzymskiej

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