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(25 kwietnia)

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Robigalia was an old Roman festival in honor of the deities Robigo and Robigus, celebrated on April 25. Traditionally established by Numa Pompilius. According to the Romans, Robigo was a deity responsible for securing crops against the so-called grain rust that destroyed huge amounts of fields.

During Robigalia, the retinue of the faithful went to the sacred grove, where Flamen Quirinalis sacrificed a red dog and sheep to protect the crops from crop failure. Then races (ludi cursoribus) were organized in honor of Mars and Robigo. There were two kinds of races: the younger participants drove two-horse chariots (biga), and the more experienced ones sat in the four-horse (quadriga).

Grain rust – a nightmare also for Roman farmers.
  • Jaczynowska Maria, Religie świata rzymskiego, Warszawa 1987
  • Zieliński Tadeusz, Religia Rzeczypospolitej Rzymskiej

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