Robigalia was an old Roman festival in honor of the deities Robigo and Robigus, celebrated on April 25. Traditionally established by Numa Pompilius. According to the Romans, Robigo was a deity responsible for securing crops against the so-called grain rust that destroyed huge amounts of fields.
During Robigalia, the retinue of the faithful went to the sacred grove, where Flamen Quirinalis sacrificed a red dog and sheep to protect the crops from crop failure. Then races (ludi cursoribus) were organized in honor of Mars and Robigo. There were two kinds of races: the younger participants drove two-horse chariots (biga), and the more experienced ones sat in the four-horse (quadriga).
Grain rust – a nightmare also for Roman farmers.
Jaczynowska Maria, Religie świata rzymskiego, Warszawa 1987
Zieliński Tadeusz, Religia Rzeczypospolitej Rzymskiej
Support IMPERIUM ROMANUM!
IMPERIUM ROMANUM is in process of translation over 3300 Polish articles about history of ancient Rome. If you have the opportunity to financially support the further translations – even with smaller amount – I will be very grateful.