For a long period, the Romans treated Transalpine Gaul only as a transit country. Even at the beginning of the 2nd century BCE they were not interested in conquering these territories, as they claimed that the communication route from Italy to Spain would be secured by their ally Massilia. Everything changed in the middle of this century.
The period from the Battle of Cannae to the evacuation of Hannibal from the Apennine Peninsula is a time of marches and countermarches of Roman and Punic armies, often along the same roads of southern Italy. Both the armies of the Republic and Carthage fought in these areas for the control of key cities such as Nola, Capua, Taranto and Benevento.
Jewish uprising of 66-73/74 CE is one of the most interesting and long-lasting conflicts of the first century CE. We can closely follow the history of the rebellion thanks to an excellent source that has survived our times - Josephus' Jewish War. The military intervention of the Syrian legate Cestius Gallus against the rebels, described in the pages of this work, was to nip the resistance of the insurgents in the bud and restore peace in Judea. However, this expedition ended, contrary to expectations, with a painful defeat for the Romans and a strengthening of the position of the insurgents.
With the end of Commodus, the Imperium Romanum went through a very difficult period in its history. The removal of the emperor hated by the senators did not bring the longed-for peace to the country and the Eternal City. The son and successor of Marcus Aurelius, as a result of a conspiracy, he was murdered on December 31, 192 CE. In his place, the conspirators chose senator Pertynax, who was good with age.
The anti-Roman uprising in Gaul took place during the reign of Tiberius in 21 CE, when the indebtedness of local aristocrats led to a boil. Its main leaders were two nobiles - Julius Florus from the Treveri tribe and Julius Sacrovir from the Aedui tribe.
War in 189 BCE between the Roman Republic and the Galatians, Gauls inhabiting Asia Minor. The pretext for the war was the fact that the Galatians provided armed reinforcements to the Seleucids, and their warriors even fought against the Romans in the Battle of Magnesia.
Iberian Peninsula played a key geopolitical role before and during the Second Punic War. Before his expedition to Italy, Hannibal, following the example of his relatives, was spreading Punic rule in this area, abundant in resources and providing a large recruit for his army.