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Roman wars

Expedition of Cestius Gallus

66 CE

Jewish uprising of 66-73/74 CE is one of the most interesting and long-lasting conflicts of the first century CE. We can closely follow the history of the rebellion thanks to an excellent source that has survived our times - Josephus' Jewish War. The military intervention of the Syrian legate Cestius Gallus against the rebels, described in the pages of this work, was to nip the resistance of the insurgents in the bud and restore peace in Judea. However, this expedition ended, contrary to expectations, with a painful defeat for the Romans and a strengthening of the position of the insurgents.

Battle of legion XII Fulminata with Jewish insurgents in the Beth Horon Valley

Civil war after death of Commodus

(193-197 CE)

With the end of Commodus, the Imperium Romanum went through a very difficult period in its history. The removal of the emperor hated by the senators did not bring the longed-for peace to the country and the Eternal City. The son and successor of Marcus Aurelius, as a result of a conspiracy, he was murdered on December 31, 192 CE. In his place, the conspirators chose senator Pertynax, who was good with age.

Septimius Severus

Rebellion of Florus and Sacrovir in Gaul

(21 CE)

The anti-Roman uprising in Gaul took place during the reign of Tiberius in 21 CE, when the indebtedness of local aristocrats led to a boil. Its main leaders were two nobiles - Julius Florus from the Treveri tribe and Julius Sacrovir from the Aedui tribe.

Roman sculpture from the 1st century CE showing Galatian killing his wife and himself

Rome’s war against tribes of Galatians

(189 BCE)

War in 189 BCE between the Roman Republic and the Galatians, Gauls inhabiting Asia Minor. The pretext for the war was the fact that the Galatians provided armed reinforcements to the Seleucids, and their warriors even fought against the Romans in the Battle of Magnesia.

Map showing Asia Minor in 188 BCE

Seleucid war with Antiochus III

(192-190 BCE)

Seleucid War with Antiochus III was a clash between the ancient Romans and the Seleucid Empire of Antiochus III for the rule over divided Greece.

Antiochus III the Great

Campaigns of Romans in Spain 197-179 BCE

(197-179 BCE)

Iberian Peninsula played a key geopolitical role before and during the Second Punic War. Before his expedition to Italy, Hannibal, following the example of his relatives, was spreading Punic rule in this area, abundant in resources and providing a large recruit for his army.

Iberians from the late 2nd century BCE

Macedonian wars

(215-168 BCE)

Macedonian wars were fought between the Roman Republic and the Macedonian state for hegemony in the Balkan Peninsula.

Greek phalanx

Rise of Vercingetorix

(52 BCE)

Rise of Vercingetorix (52 BCE) was an attempt to independence and liberate Gaul from Roman rule. Vercingetorix led the rebellion.

Reconstructed fortress at Alesia

Revolt of Tacfarinas

(17–24 CE)

Tacfarinas was a Numidian by descent who deserted from the Roman auxiliaries (auxilia) and in 17 CE he started a war in Africa against Rome.

The Arch of Caracalla in Tebessa (Algeria). Photo from 1860-90

German campaign of Corbulo

(47 CE - ?)

Gnaeus Domitius Corbulo is widely known as the victorious commander of the Armenian campaign in the time of Nero. Relatively little is known to readers about the earlier period of his military career, which took over the administration of the province of Germania Dolna (Germania Inferior) in the time of Claudius.

Germanic tribes around the mouth of the Rhine, circa 150 CE

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