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Roman wars

Conquest of Gallia Narbonensis

(125-120 BCE)

For a long period, the Romans treated Transalpine Gaul only as a transit country. Even at the beginning of the 2nd century BCE they were not interested in conquering these territories, as they claimed that the communication route from Italy to Spain would be secured by their ally Massilia. Everything changed in the middle of this century.

The division of Gaul with major cities around 58 BCE

Fighting in Italy 216-203 BCE

(216-203 BCE)

The period from the Battle of Cannae to the evacuation of Hannibal from the Apennine Peninsula is a time of marches and countermarches of Roman and Punic armies, often along the same roads of southern Italy. Both the armies of the Republic and Carthage fought in these areas for the control of key cities such as Nola, Capua, Taranto and Benevento.

Hannibal accepting surrender of Romans

Expedition of Cestius Gallus

66 CE

Jewish uprising of 66-73/74 CE is one of the most interesting and long-lasting conflicts of the first century CE. We can closely follow the history of the rebellion thanks to an excellent source that has survived our times - Josephus' Jewish War. The military intervention of the Syrian legate Cestius Gallus against the rebels, described in the pages of this work, was to nip the resistance of the insurgents in the bud and restore peace in Judea. However, this expedition ended, contrary to expectations, with a painful defeat for the Romans and a strengthening of the position of the insurgents.

Battle of legion XII Fulminata with Jewish insurgents in the Beth Horon Valley

Civil war after death of Commodus

(193-197 CE)

With the end of Commodus, the Imperium Romanum went through a very difficult period in its history. The removal of the emperor hated by the senators did not bring the longed-for peace to the country and the Eternal City. The son and successor of Marcus Aurelius, as a result of a conspiracy, he was murdered on December 31, 192 CE. In his place, the conspirators chose senator Pertynax, who was good with age.

Septimius Severus

Rebellion of Florus and Sacrovir in Gaul

(21 CE)

The anti-Roman uprising in Gaul took place during the reign of Tiberius in 21 CE, when the indebtedness of local aristocrats led to a boil. Its main leaders were two nobiles - Julius Florus from the Treveri tribe and Julius Sacrovir from the Aedui tribe.

Roman sculpture from the 1st century CE showing Galatian killing his wife and himself

Rome’s war against tribes of Galatians

(189 BCE)

War in 189 BCE between the Roman Republic and the Galatians, Gauls inhabiting Asia Minor. The pretext for the war was the fact that the Galatians provided armed reinforcements to the Seleucids, and their warriors even fought against the Romans in the Battle of Magnesia.

Map showing Asia Minor in 188 BCE

Seleucid war with Antiochus III

(192-190 BCE)

Seleucid War with Antiochus III was a clash between the ancient Romans and the Seleucid Empire of Antiochus III for the rule over divided Greece.

Antiochus III the Great

Campaigns of Romans in Spain 197-179 BCE

(197-179 BCE)

Iberian Peninsula played a key geopolitical role before and during the Second Punic War. Before his expedition to Italy, Hannibal, following the example of his relatives, was spreading Punic rule in this area, abundant in resources and providing a large recruit for his army.

Iberians from the late 2nd century BCE

Macedonian wars

(215-168 BCE)

Macedonian wars were fought between the Roman Republic and the Macedonian state for hegemony in the Balkan Peninsula.

Greek phalanx

Rise of Vercingetorix

(52 BCE)

Rise of Vercingetorix (52 BCE) was an attempt to independence and liberate Gaul from Roman rule. Vercingetorix led the rebellion.

Reconstructed fortress at Alesia

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