This page cannot be viewed in frames

Go to page

If you have found a spelling error, please, notify us by selecting that text and pressing Ctrl+Enter.

First Macedonian War

(215-206 BCE)

This post is also available in: Polish (polski)

Philip V, who began to look for a chance to finally oust the Romans from the peninsula, found the perfect ally, Carthage. The situation was additionally aggravated by the chain of defeats of the Roman army in the Second Punic War and its helplessness to Hannibal’s tactics. As a result, Philip V directly joined the war with Rome.

The ruler of Macedonia was well aware of the weakness of his own fleet, which was inferior to the Romans primarily by training, experience and numbers. To this end, he began building 100 lembi, light and manoeuvrable ships used by Illyrian pirates in the war against Rome. Philip’s plan was primarily to capture the coast of Illyria, which would serve as a base for his troops to attack Italy.

The Roman Senate on the news that Macedonia declared war on them in 215 BCE began to gather additional forces to fight the enemy, which was a huge material and population effort. Rome engaged in the fight in Italy against Carthage had to transport the appropriate forces to Greece and Illyria and start a new war campaign.

However, the war was not full of the great clashes that usually accompanied such campaigns. Both rivals confined themselves to raids, ambushes and the capture of cities. The greatest fights were fought primarily by the allies of Rome (the League of the Ethols, Pergamon) and the Macedonians. In 206 BCE virtually all of Rome’s allies made peace with Macedonia. However, the main reason for ceasing the fighting was the truce between Macedonia and the League of Aetolians, Rome’s main ally. Tired of fighting, the Romans decided to sign a peace treaty in Fenike.

Greek type phalanx was made up of hoplites in 8-16 ranks one after the other. When a hoplite from the first row was killed, a soldier from the second row took his place. The phalanx most often joined the battle in a closed formation, where each of the hoplites covered the left half of their shield (the so-called hoplon) of their companion. During the clash, only the first two ranks fought, while the others gave impetus to the attack by pushing their predecessors forward and prevented them from escaping.
Creative Commons Attribution license - On the same terms 3.0.

Consequences

Under it, Philip V could not fight against Rome’s allies in Illyria, and at the same time he received many cities captured during the war. Rome, being disgraced by the provisions of such a treaty, was slowly planning its next actions, which were to turn into a new war.

Second Macedonian War

IMPERIUM ROMANUM needs your support!

Your financial help is needed, in order to maintain and develop the website. Even the smallest amounts will allow me to pay for further corrections, improvements on the site and pay the server. I believe that I can count on a wide support that will allow me to devote myself more to my work and passion, to maximize the improvement of the website and to present history of ancient Romans in an interesting form.

Support IMPERIUM ROMANUM!

News from world of ancient Rome

If you want to be up to date with news and discoveries from the world of ancient Rome, subscribe to the newsletter.

Subscribe to newsletter!

Roman bookstore

I encourage you to buy interesting books about the history of ancient Rome and antiquity.

Check out bookstore

Spelling error report

The following text will be sent to our editors: