Roman citizen may have lost citizenship as a result of capitis deminutio media. The loss of citizenship also entailed the loss of freedom – capitis deminutio maxima (the greatest diminution of personality).
A man could lose his citizenship if he defected from the army, maimed himself on purpose to avoid service, or avoided censorship to be disregarded for tax collection. Capitis deminutio maxima and media caused the extinction of patriae potestatis by the current patris familias, dissolution of the marriage (by losing iuris conubii) and extinction of limited property rights.
In other words, such a man forfeited all his privileges.
Rozwadowski Władysław, Prawo rzymskie, Poznań 1992
Support IMPERIUM ROMANUM!
IMPERIUM ROMANUM is in process of translation over 3300 Polish articles about history of ancient Rome. If you have the opportunity to financially support the further translations – even with smaller amount – I will be very grateful.