A two-layer Roman cameo made of onyx, dated around the 2nd century CE. The object shows the mythological Medusa.
Curiosities of ancient Rome
The world of ancient Romans abounded in a number of amazing curiosities and information. The source of knowledge about the life of the Romans are mainly works left to us by ancient writers or discoveries. The Romans left behind a lot of strange information and facts that are sometimes hard to believe.
Frigidarium – a cold water pool – located in one of the surviving baths in the Roman city of Pompeii. These bathhouses were one of the smaller ones in the city, but certainly also the most decorated.
Carved into a stone wall Mithra killing a bull; object dated to the 2nd century CE. Mithreum (temple dedicated to the cult of Mithra) is located in the ancient city of Dura Europos on the Euphrates, in present-day Syria, which was at that time on the border between the Roman Empire and the Parthian state.
Alexander the Great on a Roman medallion from the 3rd century CE. The object was found in Abu Qir, northern Egypt. Alexander was shown wearing a decorated Attic helmet with his head raised, suggesting his divinity.
Excessive consumption of food and excess was something the ancient Romans believed should be avoided at all costs. The ideal Roman should be devoted to the gods, his family and homeland, and above all, he should live a simple life and does not demand glory. However, as it always happens, in practice it was different and the Romans, as conquerors of the world, departed from their ideals, e.g. they indulged in boisterous feasts and decadent dishes.
Women in the Roman world did not have the same position as men; e.g. they could not vote in assemblies or hold public office. On the other hand, they could own land, write their own wills, and testify in court. However, this independence was limited.