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Articles (Politics and events)

The Roman state existed in practice for XIII centuries, being the power which was impacting the history. Therefore, I decided that I would tell the history of ancient Rome in the articles below, which will not necessarily cover only the Eternal City.

I encourage you to send articles and point out any corrections or inaccuracies.

Hannibal’s revenge plans

The figure of Hannibal as Rome’s greatest enemy is fairly well known to that learning ancient history. Recognized as one of the greatest leaders of antiquity, the winner of Kann, Trebia or Lake Trasimeno, however, disappears from textbooks with the final defeat of Carthage in the Second Punic War and defeat at Zama in 202 BCE Sometimes it seems as if Hannibal died in this battle because in school notebooks it is often the last event related to a Punic chief.

Painting by Claudio Francesco Beaumont, Hannibal swearing hatred of the Romans (painting from 1730), Musée des beaux-arts de Chambéry, France

Origins of ancient Rome

The beginnings of Rome were one of the most discussed problems of the second half of the 20th century. Recent years and efforts of scientists in the field of archaeology and the interpretation of historical monuments of ancient Rome have brought a lot of new material and prompted a change of perception, especially when it comes to the chronology of the early history of Rome.

Origins of ancient Rome

Kings of Rome

The very beginnings of Rome and the reign of Romulus are presented in the legend of Romulus and Remus. After Romulus died, the Romans decided to continue his work. The only thing they needed to be happy was a proper leader.

Romulus and Remus on a Roman coin

Great Migration Period

During the 4th century CE, the Roman Empire underwent numerous transformations. The end of offensive wars resulted in a shortage of slave supplies in the Empire. The number of vernae (slaves not bought but brought up on the farm) grew.

Hun invasion

Trial of Gaius Verres – governor of Sicily

The trial of Gaius Verres, governor of Sicily for fraud in 70 BCE is the best described and source-presented event showing the degree of corruption of Roman officials and the use of the provinces for their own selfish needs and the desire to get rich.

Cicero speaking to the people

Provincial governorship in ancient Rome

The Roman state, during its five centuries of existence, conquered the entire Apennine peninsula, and its last victim was the Etruscan city of Volsinii in 264 BCE. The same year, Rome came into conflict with another power in the Mediterranean – Carthage, which caused major changes in the administrative structures of the state – namely the creation of the first province.

Pontius Pilate in the movie The Passion of the Christ

Fall of Domitian

The younger son of Vespasian did not seem to be a bad ruler. With time, however, he turned into a cruel man, who was decided to be removed from the throne by force. What was the fall of the last emperor from the Flavian dynasty and what signs were to accompany him?

Domitian

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