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Who decided about punishment for murderer in early Rome?

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Law of the Twelve Tables
Law of the Twelve Tables

According to the original social rules in ancient Rome, it was the family of the victim who chose the type of punishment for the murderer. We do not have any written laws, in the set of XII tables, that govern the laws of a murderer.

Hence the expression vendeta, i.e. vendetta (Latin vindicta – “revenge”).

  • McKeown J. C., A Cabinet of Roman Curiosities: Strange Tales and Surprising Facts from the World's Greatest Empire,

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