This page cannot be viewed in frames

Go to page

If you have found a spelling error, please, notify us by selecting that text and pressing Ctrl+Enter.


This post is also available in: Polish (polski)

At the head of the army next to the centurion aquilifer.
Author: MatthiasKabel | Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license

Aquilifer was a higher officer carrying the banner of the Roman legion. The name was taken from the type of banner – aquila, meaning as much as an eagle. This type of banner was used from 104 BCE, and it replaced the previous designations: wolf, bull, and horse. legionary eagle was the most important thing the legion had, and its loss was a huge disgrace.

The aquila emblem, or eagle, was generally depicted with raised wings surrounded by a laurel wreath. The eagle was mounted on a narrow trapezoidal base, which in turn was attached to the pole.
Aquilifer held the banner high so that it was clearly visible to soldiers.

Aquilifer had great prestige, and its rank was just below the centurion and optio. He received a large pay, twice the size of an ordinary legionary. Aquilifer probably wore a lion’s skin. For defense, he had a small round shield, called parma, which was attached when he had a legion mark and a weapon in his hands.

IMPERIUM ROMANUM needs your support!

If you like the content that I collect on the website and that I share on social media channels I will be grateful for the support. Even the smallest amounts will allow me to pay for further corrections, improvements on the site and pay the server.



Find out more!

Check your curiosity and learn something new about the ancient world of the Romans. By clicking on the link below, you will be redirected to a random entry.

Random curiosity

Random curiosity

Discover secrets of ancient Rome!

If you want to be up to date with newest articles on website and discoveries from the world of ancient Rome, subscribe to the newsletter, which is sent each Saturday.

Subscribe to newsletter!

Subscribe to newsletter

Spelling error report

The following text will be sent to our editors: