This page cannot be viewed in frames

Go to page

If you have found a spelling error, please, notify us by selecting that text and pressing Ctrl+Enter.


This post is also available in: Polish (polski)

At the head of the army next to the centurion aquilifer.

Aquilifer was an higher officer carrying the banner of the Roman legion. The name was taken from the type of banner – aquila, meaning as much as an eagle. This type of banner was used from 104 BCE, and it replaced the previous designations: wolf, bull and horse. legionary eagle was the most important thing the legion had, and its loss was a huge disgrace.

The aquila emblem, or eagle, was generally depicted with raised wings surrounded by a laurel wreath. The eagle was mounted on a narrow trapezoidal base, which in turn was attached to the pole.
Aquilifer held the banner high so that it was clearly visible to soldiers.

Aquilifer had great prestige, and its rank was just below the centurion and optio. He received a large pay, twice the size of an ordinary legionary. Unlike the signifer, aquilifer, he probably didn’t wear animal skins and had a bare head without a hat. For defense, he had a small round shield, called parma, which was attached when he had a legion mark and a weapon in his hands.

IMPERIUM ROMANUM needs your support!

Your financial help is needed, in order to maintain and develop the website. Even the smallest amounts will allow me to pay for further corrections, improvements on the site and pay the server. I believe that I can count on a wide support that will allow me to devote myself more to my work and passion, to maximize the improvement of the website and to present history of ancient Romans in an interesting form.


News from world of ancient Rome

If you want to be up to date with news and discoveries from the world of ancient Rome, subscribe to the newsletter.

Subscribe to newsletter!

Roman bookstore

I encourage you to buy interesting books about the history of ancient Rome and antiquity.

Check out bookstore

Spelling error report

The following text will be sent to our editors: