A replica of the so-called Pilate's Stone, Caesarea Maritima, the original is in the Israel Museum in Jerusalem
The title praefectus Judeae was held by the Roman governors of Judea from 6 CE. Then, after removing the son of Herod the Great – the ethnarch of Samaria, Idumea, and Judea – Herod Archelaos (4 BCE – 6 CE)1 from power and accession Quirinius for the implementation of the census ordered by the emperor Octavian Augustus riots broke out. They were used by Judah the Galilean, who led an uprising against Rome and founded together with the Zadok the Pharisee the Zealot party2. He himself died during the uprising.
The title praefectus Judeae was in force until 41 CE when the emperor Claudius removed the incumbent prefect and installed King Herod Agrippa I as ruler. After his death3 Judea became directly subject to Rome again and then Cuspius Fadus became governor, but the title of his office was procurator. The governors were entitled to this title until the outbreak of the Jewish uprising of 66-74 CE, in which Josef ben Matatia, commonly known as Joseph Flavius, actively participated. After the war, Judea became an independent Roman province and began to be governed by a praetorian governor.