In 1583 a gilded bronze medal was minted, the obverse of which depicted the king’s head surrounded by the inscription “Philip II, King of Spain and the New World”, and the reverse of the uncompromising motto NON SUFFICIT ORBIS (“The world is not enough”). The Latin words are from the Roman poet Juvenal and originally referred to Alexander the Great. Below the inscription, Alexander’s horse, Bucephalus, treads the globe with its hooves. The cloud that separates the word SUFFICIT into two parts symbolizes God and reminds us that even the one who conquers the whole world has his limitations.
- Geoffrey Parker, Filip II. Król nieprzezorny, PIW, Warszawa 2021