This page cannot be viewed in frames

Go to page

If you have found a spelling error, please, notify us by selecting that text and pressing Ctrl+Enter.

Woman in light of law…

This post is also available in: Polish (polski)

Lawrence Alma Tadema, A Coign for Vantage
Lawrence Alma Tadema, A Coign for Vantage

In the Greco-Roman and Jewish worlds, women had very limited rights. Roman jurists knew this. Papinianus stated directly: In many provisions of our law, the position of woman is worse than of man.

Even fully independent women had to have a male guardian. They did not perform public functions and were without the right to vote in assemblies. They could not act as a judge and also as a banker. They could not exercise authority over anyone (also formally over children). They were limited in the ability to inherit and make a will. In Jewish courts, their testimony did not matter.

At the same time, many virtues of the wife were noticed, who should be distinguished by love, faithfulness and purity of generally accepted morals, and thus modesty above all else. Woman’s area of ​​activity was therefore limited to raising children and taking care of the house 1.

In this socio-cultural context, it is interesting that the four Gospels emphasize women as the first witnesses of Jesus’ resurrection. Four writers consistently report on women’s witnessing, while men’s disbelief 2.

Author: Waldemar Owczarczak (translated from Polish: Jakub Jasiński)
Footnotes
  1. Marek Kuryłowicz, Rzymskie prawo oraz zwyczaje grobowe i pogrzebowe, WERSET, Lublin 2020
  2. Nowy komentarz biblijny - Ewangelia według świętego Mateusza, Edycja Świętego Pawła, 2008, cz.2

IMPERIUM ROMANUM needs your support!

Your financial help is needed, in order to maintain and develop the website. Even the smallest amounts will allow me to pay for further corrections, improvements on the site and pay the server. I believe that I can count on a wide support that will allow me to devote myself more to my work and passion, to maximize the improvement of the website and to present history of ancient Romans in an interesting form.

Support IMPERIUM ROMANUM!

News from world of ancient Rome

If you want to be up to date with news and discoveries from the world of ancient Rome, subscribe to the newsletter.

Subscribe to newsletter!

Roman bookstore

I encourage you to buy interesting books about the history of ancient Rome and antiquity.

Check out bookstore

Spelling error report

The following text will be sent to our editors: