The Baths of Caracalla were the largest baths in the empire. Built in 216 CE the baths could simultaneously accommodate 1,500 people. The bathing plan was as follows: upon entering, you entered the bathhouse, then into the heated tepidarium room, preparing the body for hot baths in the caldarium.
Cold baths were taken in the frigidarium. In addition, there were showers, swimming pools, steam rooms at the guests’ disposal.
The Romans can be proud of the original inventions, incl. aqueducts supplying water from mountain springs to the city, a central heating system with warm air under the floor or toilets with flushing.
Encyclopedia of the History of Classical Archaeology, 1996
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