This page cannot be viewed in frames

Go to page

If you have found a spelling error, please, notify us by selecting that text and pressing Ctrl+Enter.

Only son of Caesar

This post is also available in: Polish (polski)

Caesarion was the only child of Julius Caesar and Cleopatra VII. After the death of his father, he remained at the side of his mother, who, together with her lover, suffered a defeat in the civil war with Gaius Octavian. Seventeen-year-old Caesarion, after invasion of Roman army on Alexandria, was sent by his mother, Cleopatra, to the south, where Cleopatra’s ships stood by the bay of the Red Sea.

They were to take the young man to India. The young Caesarion was accompanied by his grammars – Rhodon and a carefully selected crew of Rhodian sailors. During a trip to the south, Rhodon most likely made a plan to give his ward to the Romans, expecting a noble reward for it. Both the grammar and the crew managed to persuade Caesarion to go to Pelusium, where they would rent a ship and sail to Media, which was favoring Egypt. Caesarion agreed.

Barely everyone reached Pelusium, once Rhodon handed over a youth to the Romans. Octavian was to ask the philosopher Arejos if he had the right to kill Caesarion. The philosopher, paraphrasing Homer1, said: “Too many Caesars is not good” On August 29th, 30 BCE the son of Caesar and Cleopatra was strangled in the Alexandrian prison on the orders of Octavian.

Footnotes
  1. "The government of many is not good" [Homer, Iliad, II.198]
Sources
  • Cassius Dio, Roman history 47.31
  • Plutarch, Caesar 49
  • Plutarch, Marc Antony 54, 71, 81-82
  • Suetonius, Julius Caesar 52

IMPERIUM ROMANUM needs your support!

Your financial help is needed, in order to maintain and develop the website. Even the smallest amounts will allow me to pay for further corrections, improvements on the site and pay the server. I believe that I can count on a wide support that will allow me to devote myself more to my work and passion, to maximize the improvement of the website and to present history of ancient Romans in an interesting form.

Support IMPERIUM ROMANUM!

News from world of ancient Rome

If you want to be up to date with news and discoveries from the world of ancient Rome, subscribe to the newsletter.

Subscribe to newsletter!

Roman bookstore

I encourage you to buy interesting books about the history of ancient Rome and antiquity.

Check out bookstore

Spelling error report

The following text will be sent to our editors: