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Shortly about Diocletian

This post is also available in: Polish (polski)


Emperor Diocletian came from a poor family from the Salona area. He owes his position to hard work and military capabilities, thanks to which he quickly advanced to the highest levels of the Roman army. Among other things, he was the commander of Emperor Numerian’s bodyguard. Therefore, he enjoyed high trust. The emperor was proclaimed emperor in 284 CE.

Diocletian had many successes on the battlefields. He also carried out administrative reforms – for example, dividing the country into dioceses or changing the monetary system. He reformed the Roman army. This ruler, however, was particularly well-known for the tetrarchy system (he held power with three emperors: Maximian, Galerius and Constantius) and persecutions against Christians which began the destruction of the church in Nicomedia.

He issued four edicts, the first of which (issued in 303) made it impossible for Christians to profess their faith. After his abdication from state offices, he died in 313 CE. During his lifetime, he enjoyed divine reverence among his subjects, who universally believed he came from the very god Jupiter. This shows his high position and authority.

Author: Kacper Wardowski
  • Agnieszka Nożyńska-Demianiuk, Wielcy wodzowie, wyd. Horyzonty

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