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Virtus

This post is also available in: Polish (polski)

Virtus shown on a Gallic coin.

Virtus was the personification of courage. On the reverse of Roman coins, it is depicted in armour with a spear and a parazonium.

Often Virtus was associated with the Honor impersonation, and they were often worshipped together. As Valerius Maksymus wrote, a Roman writer living in the first half of the In the 1st century CE, the birth of this dual cult gave the idea of ​​building a temple for both deities in 210 BCE. by Marcus Claudius Marcellus. However, the college of pontiffs expressed doubts about the planned construction. They believed that the priests taking care of the sanctuary, in the event of a miracle, would not know to whom to direct their thanks. Eventually, Marcellus built separate temples, the construction of which he financed from the spoils of Syracuse and the riches obtained from the Gauls. The temple of Virtus was built on Porta Capena; later restored by Emperor Vespasian.

The deity was depicted in various ways – for example, on the coins of the Gallic emperor Tetricus I, where he appeared as a matron, old or young man, with a javelin or just wearing a cape.

Sources
  • Kempiński Andrzej, Encyklopedia mitologii ludów indoeuropejskich, Warszawa 2001
  • Schmidt Joël, Słownik mitologii greckiej i rzymskiej, Katowice 1996

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