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Articles

The Roman state existed in practice for XIII centuries, being the power which was impacting the history. Therefore, I decided that I would tell the history of ancient Rome in the articles below, which will not necessarily cover only the Eternal City.

I encourage you to send articles and point out any corrections or inaccuracies.

What beauty was appreciated by Romans?

Ovid, the Roman poet of the August epoch, in his work Medicamina Faciei Feminae, which is a short work on the care of the female body, indicates what is female beauty: pale complexion, rosy cheeks, dark eyes and devoid of unnatural odours of skin.

A painting by John William Godward showing a beautiful woman from the  ancient world

Assassination of Julius Caesar

Julius Caesar took power in Rome after years of civil wars. Further signals indicating that he might wish to restore the monarchy sparked a conspiracy. The opposition to Caesar was headed by Gaius Cassius Longinus and Marcus Junius Brutus. Longinus was previously associated with Pompey, after the defeat at Pharsalus he surrendered to Caesar, but still, he loudly expressed his dislike of him. It was similar to Brutus, who, however, was trusted by Caesar; moreover, Caesar had an affair with his mother, Servilia.

Death of Caesar, Vincenzo Camuccini

Black people in ancient Rome

Ancient Romans, who had under their control, huge tracts of land certainly had to deal with the black population on a daily basis. Interestingly, the ratio of white to the black race was not always beneficial only for the first one.

Scene from the movie "Gladiator"

Eruption of Mount Vesuvius

In 79 CE Mount Vesuvius (Vesuvio), unexpectedly resumed its eruption activity, covering the area with a hurricane of ashes, lapels, poisonous gases and eruptive materials. At that time, streams of lava mixed with mud were flowing down the slopes of the volcano.

View of the Vesuvius massif from Pompeii

“Gladiator” – what is true and what is fiction?

General Maximus is the main character of the historical drama “Gladiator” (2000) – which is thought to be one of the best films ever made. The question that every viewer ask is to what extent the plot is consistent with the historical truth. I will try to answer this question.

Russel Crowe as General Maximus in the movie Gladiator

Aqueduct in Segovia

One of the best preserved Roman aqueducts to our time is located in Segovia to the northwest from Madrid. Despite the initial dating for the first century CE in 2016 some researches (analysing finds from 1998) were added, which point to completion of a building in first decades of second century during the reign of Trajan or Hadrian. Any bronze letters, which could inform us about construction date or constructor’s name haven’t been preserved.

Segovia aqueduct

Against Republic. Carthaginian-Macedonian alliance against Romans

During the third century B.C.E Rome continually fought other Mediterranean states. The end of the First Punic War left the Punic empire considerably lessened, and many Carthage’s nobles disgruntled with the peace treaty and expansion into Spain. The resulting clash with Rome influenced both the republic and other states that were in conflict with it at the time, e.g. Macedonia. Hannibal’s victories over the legions convinced the Macedonian leader that Romans can be beaten and routed and that an alliance with victorious Carthage would be politically advantageous.

A scene from the movie "Aleksander". Macedonian phalanx on the  march

Wolf. Animal of ancient Rome

The Wolf was an animal of great cult status and was well established in the memory of the ancient Romans. It often influenced the history of Rome, was a respected animal, associated with religious rites, and his motif was often used by Roman writers.

The wolf founding Romulus and Remus

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