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The Roman state existed in practice for XIII centuries, being the power which was impacting the history. Therefore, I decided that I would tell the history of ancient Rome in the articles below, which will not necessarily cover only the Eternal City.

I encourage you to send articles and point out any corrections or inaccuracies.

Romans on Arabian Peninsula

Any military and political activity by the Romans in the Arabian Peninsula is related to the actions taken by Emperor Octavian Augustus. The Roman legions, however, never conquered the territories of Arabia, which was largely dictated by the harsh climatic conditions and problems with food supply at a long distance.


Homosexuality in ancient Rome

During the time of the Republic, Roman citizens had the right (libertas) to protect their bodies from physical coercion, including both corporal punishment and sexual violence. Roman society was typically patriarchal and masculinity was based on the principle of governing not only oneself but also other persons, especially those from the lower class.

Roman cup showing a homosexual sex scene

Edict of Caracalla

The Edict of Caracalla, also known as Constitutio Antoniniana, was a document issued in 212 granting all free inhabitants of the Roman Empire (except peregrini dedicti1) rights Roman citizens. The name of the edict comes from Caracalla, meaning Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, Roman emperor credited with the document.


Roman monuments in Dobkowice

Dobkowice is a small village in the Subcarpathian Voivodeship. Why am I writing about this place on the site about ancient Rome? Thanks to the beautiful passion of Mr Jerzy Jankowski. It is thanks to its beautiful Roman sculptures and elements that this quiet provincial place has become known all over Poland.

The work of Jerzy Jankowski

10 things that do not differ us much from ancient Romans

Ancient Romans, their heritage, culture and language are considered the foundations of European civilization. As it turns out, in modern societies, one can observe extremely surprising similarities to the “sons of the She-wolf” in everyday, prosaic issues, and sometimes, unfortunately, also not very glorious. Below is a list of the 10 most interesting (in my opinion) and little-known things that do not differ much from the ancient Romans.


Spintriae – Roman obscene tokens

Spintriae were Roman tokens (tessera) depicting erotic scenes during the early empire and probably related to prostitution in brothels. However, it is worth emphasizing that to this day their function and purpose have not been fully explained and there are various hypotheses.


Sunken city of Baiae

Probably each of us has heard about the mythical, sunken, ancient land that Plato described in his sections. Is it really just a legend? It turns out that there may have been a grain of truth in Plato’s writings. I invite you to a joint journey through the ancient, sunken city of Baiae.

Roman statue under the water in Baiae

Magic of ancient Romans

Greco-Roman magic, otherwise known as ancient magic, developed in the Greco-Roman culture, i.e. as it is assumed in the period from the 1st BCE to the 5th century CE. All its manifestations, such as magic papyri, metal plates with engraved spells, amulets such as ornaments and jewellery come from this time.

John William Waterhouse, Circe Offering Cup Ulysses

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