A fragment of the base of the altar of Venus and Mars, showing the Cupids dealing with the chariot of Mars.
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Amor (“love”), also known as Cupid, Kupido ( Cupido – “thirst”) was a Roman god and the embodiment of love. He was considered the son of the goddess Venus and the Mars. He was identified with the Greek Eros who fell in love with Psyche.
Originally, Cupid was a god who embodied lust and did not have any temples or religious cult practices. He was usually shown in the company of other gods, like the goddess Venus. Cupid was shown on sculptures at home, but it is not sure if it was a form of worship or just an element of decoration.
In art he is depicted as a young man or naked boy with wings at his shoulders, with a bow and quiver full of arrows. Amor has appeared more often in Roman art since the time of Octavian Augustus, the first Roman Emperor. After the battle of Actium in 31 BCE, when Cleopatra and Marc Antony were defeated, the symbol became Cupid who handed over the weapon of the god Mars to his mother – Venus.
Kempiński Andrzej, Encyklopedia mitologii ludów indoeuropejskich, Warszawa 2001
Schmidt Joël, Słownik mitologii greckiej i rzymskiej, Katowice 1996
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