This page cannot be viewed in frames

Go to page

If you have found a spelling error, please, notify us by selecting that text and pressing Ctrl+Enter.


This post is also available in: Polish (polski)

A fragment of the base of the altar of Venus and Mars, showing the Cupids dealing with the chariot of Mars.
Na licencji Creative Commons Uznanie autorstwa - Na tych samych warunkach 3.0.

Amor (“love”), also known as Cupid, Kupido ( Cupido – “thirst”) was a Roman god and the embodiment of love.
He was considered the son of the goddess Venus and the Mars. He was identified with the Greek Eros who fell in love with Psyche.

Originally, Cupid was a god who embodied lust and did not have any temples or religious cult practices. He was usually shown in the company of other gods, like the goddess Venus. Cupid was shown on sculptures at home, but it is not sure if it was a form of worship or just an element of decoration.

In art he is depicted as a young man or naked boy with wings at his shoulders, with a bow and quiver full of arrows.
Amor has appeared more often in Roman art since the time of Octavian Augustus, the first Roman Emperor. After the battle of Actium in 31 BCE, when Cleopatra and Marc Antony were defeated, the symbol became Cupid who handed over the weapon of the god Mars to his mother – Venus.

  • Kempiński Andrzej, Encyklopedia mitologii ludów indoeuropejskich, Warszawa 2001
  • Schmidt Joël, Słownik mitologii greckiej i rzymskiej, Katowice 1996

IMPERIUM ROMANUM needs your support!

If you like the content that I collect on the website and that I share on social media channels I will be grateful for supporting me. Even the smallest amounts will allow me to pay for further corrections, improvements on the site and pay the server.



Find out more!

Check your curiosity and learn something new about the ancient world of the Romans. By clicking on the link below, you will be redirected to a random entry.

Random curiosity

Random curiosity

News from world of ancient Rome

If you want to be up to date with newest articles on website and discoveries from the world of ancient Rome, subscribe to the newsletter, which is sent each Saturday.

Subscribe to newsletter!

Subscribe to newsletter

Roman bookstore

I encourage you to buy interesting books about the history of ancient Rome and antiquity.

Check out bookstore

Roman bookstore

Spelling error report

The following text will be sent to our editors: