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Pluto (Roman god)

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Pluto, Agostino Carracci

Pluto was the god of the underworld and the dead, and of all underground wealth: ores and seeds are thrown into the ground.
Its name comes from the Greek word plutos (“wealth”). This name was given to him because of the immeasurable riches of the underworld.
He was identified with the Greek Hades.

His wife was Proserpina (Proserpina), the counterpart of the Greek Persephone. She was the goddess of sprouting grain, the daughter of Ceres and her brother Jupiter. From Greek mythology, the Romans adopted the famous myth of her abduction by Pluto, brother of Jupiter and Ceres. Pluto kidnapped the goddess, under the influence of an arrow Cupid, with him to his underworld kingdom in order to take her for his wife. From then on, she became the queen of the underworld.

The Romans did not see Pluto as a god of the underworld, but rather as a higher being, giving gold, silver, and other underworld goods. It was believed that he was the only god who paid no attention to prayers and sacrifices devoted to him. He was indifferent to people and their fate.

  • Kempiński Andrzej, Encyklopedia mitologii ludów indoeuropejskich, Warszawa 2001
  • Schmidt Joël, Słownik mitologii greckiej i rzymskiej, Katowice 1996

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