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Bust of Emperor Philip the Arab

This post is also available in: Polish (polski)

Philip the Arab
Philip the Arab

A marble bust showing the Roman emperor Philip the Arab – reigning in the years 244-249 CE.

In February 244 CE the Roman army waged ineffective hostilities against Persia on its territory. Unexpectedly, Emperor Gordian III also died at that time. In the face of a difficult situation, it was necessary to choose a new ruler as soon as possible. The imperial insignia agreed to be taken over by one of the most important Roman commanders – Philip the Arab.

Being in a dangerous situation, Philip decided to establish a quick and unfavourable peace in order to save and lead the army out of the hostile territory. During his reign, the millennium of Rome was celebrated, and he himself was considered favourable to Christians, which suggested that he could even accept faith.

Eventually, Philip I the Arab was overthrown by his successor, Decius.

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