This page cannot be viewed in frames

Go to page

If you have found a spelling error, please, notify us by selecting that text and pressing Ctrl+Enter.

History of Holy Legion

This post is also available in: Polish (polski)

St. Maurice in the painting by M. G. Grünewald
St. Maurice in the painting by M. G. Grünewald

Roman emperor from the turn of the 3rd and 4th centuries CE, Maximian, co-ruling with Diocletian, became famous as persecutors of the followers of Christianity. Maximian was once to order the decimation (decimatio) of a legion (the so-called Theban legion, derived from Egypt) composed of Christian soldiers. The commander’s decision was based on the fact that the detachment refused to put down a revolt in Gaul, which was triggered by fellow believers.

After the first decimation, the legion still refused to obey the order and a further decimation was carried out; then the third, and so on until the last legionary was killed. Approximately six thousand people were reportedly killed. Few soldiers managed to escape, but also these were eventually captured and executed. Legion officer (primicerius) – Maurice to this day is a saint in the Catholic Church, and from his name comes the name of the Swiss resort of St. Moritz.

  • Święty Maurycy, męczennik, ""

IMPERIUM ROMANUM needs your support!

If you like the content that I collect on the website and that I share on social media channels I will be grateful for the support. Even the smallest amounts will allow me to pay for further corrections, improvements on the site and pay the server.



Find out more!

Check your curiosity and learn something new about the ancient world of the Romans. By clicking on the link below, you will be redirected to a random entry.

Random curiosity

Random curiosity

Discover secrets of ancient Rome!

If you want to be up to date with newest articles on website and discoveries from the world of ancient Rome, subscribe to the newsletter, which is sent each Saturday.

Subscribe to newsletter!

Subscribe to newsletter

Spelling error report

The following text will be sent to our editors: