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Vexillarius was one of the signiferi in the Roman legion and was specially protected during combat. He was defended with a small parma shield.
His task was to carry vexillum (pl vexilla), a military banner representing the name and emblem of the legion. The banner consisted of a fabric hanging on the crossbar of a lance or a stick. It was used both in infantry and in riding.
The legionary cavalry had banners on a horizontal pole.
Vexilla’s pennant patterns
It was the emblem of the Praetorian Guard. Used to honour Emperor Tiberius for building a Praetorian Camp (castra praetoria) in Rome.
He was strongly associated with Julius Caesar. It is therefore believed that the legions bearing the bull emblem were created by Caesar: III Gallica, IIII Macedonica, V Macedonica, VI Ferrata, VI Victrix, VII Claudia, VIII Augusta, X Fretensis, X Gemina.
Legions: I Italica, II Adiutrix, X Fretensis, XX Valeria Victrix.
Legions: II Augusta, IIII Macedonica, IIII Scythica, XIV Gemina, XXI Rapax.
Legions: II August, III August.
Legions: XIII Gemina and maybe XVI Gallica.
Legions: V Alaudae.
Wolf and the Twins
Legions: VI Ferrata.
Legions: XII Fulminata.