The Vespasian Forum is also called Forum Pacis, meaning “square of peace”. It owes this name to the Temple of Peace (Templum Pacis) situated in the centre of the square. Forum Pacis belongs to the so-called imperial forums. This square was erected by Emperor Vespasian in the years 71 – 75 CE. It was a thanksgiving for the victory in the Jewish uprising of 66-73 CE.
Originally, the entire complex of Vespasian was not referred to as the market square (forum), but as the temple complex (templum). marble plan of Rome (Forma Urbis Romae). It had a scale of 1: 246 and covered an area of 235 m2.
The courtyard of the Forum Pacis functioned as a gallery, where you could admire many treasures of Roman and Greek culture. In the temple itself, the loot obtained after the conquest of the Jerusalem temple was deposited. the temple of Romulus.