The Punic Wars were armed conflicts between the Roman Republic and Carthage. Fighting was fought for dominance in the western Mediterranean.
The victories of Hannibal and his Gallic allies inspired the younger Gaul generation from above the Po to continue fighting against the Republic, despite Carthaginian defeat in the Second Punic War. This led to a series of fights at the beginning of the 2nd century BCE in Cisalpine Gaul.
King of Sparta - Nabis - sought to strengthen the position of Sparta in the Peloponnese. Thanks to effective politics and an enlarged army, he subdued the city of Argos. The Roman Republic, using divisions among Greek cities, decided to intervene.
The lack of stability in Macedonia and the constant threat from barbarians led to the appearance of Andriscus, also known as the Fourth Macedonian War. This event had a major impact on the further political fate of Macedonia, after being defeated by Rome.
After defeating Andriskos, Rome left troops in the Balkans with the intention of dealing with the Achaean League, where anti-Roman attitudes intensified. Over the past decades, the Union has been the strongest federal organization in Greece.
Sertorius was a Roman commander and politician living at the turn of the 2nd and 1st centuries BCE, who opposed the Roman war machine. Due to his belonging to the popular camp, he was forced to leave Rome and finally headed the Iberian tribes and resisted in the 80-73 BCE.
The civil war between Caesar and Pompey - two great generals of their time - was not the first to plague the Roman state. However, it was certainly the most famous and decided about the fall of the Republic and consolidation of power in the hands of one person.
The Roman conquest of the Balearic Islands took place in 123 BCE. Previously, the islands were under the control of Carthage; however, from 146 BCE, when the Romans defeated the Punics, the islanders could enjoy a certain freedom.