This page cannot be viewed in frames

Go to page

If you have found a spelling error, please, notify us by selecting that text and pressing Ctrl+Enter.

Mighty Pompey the Great

This post is also available in: Polish (polski)

The conquests of Gnaeus Pompey in the east were so spectacular that the living at that time compared the Roman commander to the famous Alexander the Great – hence he later adopted the nickname “the Great”, meaning Magnus. His strength and political significance grew so much that in practice he was the independent king in the years 66-62 BCE.

Conquests in the east – the defeat of Mithridates VI Eupator and the imposition of Roman sovereignty on Pont and Syria – made Pompey an unusually rich man. He allegedly boasted that he greatly increased Rome’s income, which he also derived from the tribute imposed on subordinate Cappadocia, Armenia and the Bosporan Kingdom. In addition, Pompey owed his power to his faithful soldiers, who were generously endowed by him, and who associated their fate with his conquests. The spoils of war that he took during the wars allowed him to pay legionaries money worth 12,5 years of regular pay.

Pompey’s unusual position meant that he stopped caring about the senate. He made decisions without consulting senators and was sure of his position. This is perfectly illustrated by a situation communicated to us by Plutarch. Apparently, when certain foreigners protested how Pompey was handled, he replied:

Cease quoting laws to us that have swords girt about us!

Plutarch, Pompey, 10

Sources
  • Thomas R. Martin, Starożytny Rzym. Od Romulusa do Justyniana, Poznań 2014
  • Tadeusz Zieliński, Rzeczpospolita Rzymska, Katowice 1989

IMPERIUM ROMANUM needs your support!

Your financial help is needed, in order to maintain and develop the website. Even the smallest amounts will allow me to pay for further corrections, improvements on the site and pay the server. I believe that I can count on a wide support that will allow me to devote myself more to my work and passion, to maximize the improvement of the website and to present history of ancient Romans in an interesting form.

Support IMPERIUM ROMANUM!

News from world of ancient Rome

If you want to be up to date with news and discoveries from the world of ancient Rome, subscribe to the newsletter.

Subscribe to newsletter!

Roman bookstore

I encourage you to buy interesting books about the history of ancient Rome and antiquity.

Check out bookstore

Spelling error report

The following text will be sent to our editors: