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Articles

The Roman state existed in practice for XIII centuries, being the power which was impacting the history. Therefore, I decided that I would tell the history of ancient Rome in the articles below, which will not necessarily cover only the Eternal City.

I encourage you to send articles and point out any corrections or inaccuracies.

Black people in ancient Rome

Ancient Romans, who had under their control, huge tracts of land certainly had to deal with the black population on a daily basis. Interestingly, the ratio of the white to the black race was not always beneficial only for the former.

Scene from the movie "Gladiator"

Eruption of Mount Vesuvius

In 79 CE Mount Vesuvius (Vesuvio), unexpectedly resumed its eruption activity, covering the area with a hurricane of ashes, lapels, poisonous gases and eruptive materials. At that time, streams of lava mixed with mud were flowing down the slopes of the volcano, destroying everything on its way.

View of the Vesuvius massif from Pompeii

“Gladiator” – what is true and what is fiction?

General Maximus is the main character of the historical drama “Gladiator” (2000) – which is thought to be one of the best films ever made. The question that every viewer ask is to what extent the plot is consistent with the historical truth. I will try to answer this question.

Russel Crowe as General Maximus in the movie Gladiator

Aqueduct in Segovia

One of the best preserved Roman aqueducts to our time is located in Segovia to the northwest from Madrid. Despite the initial dating for the first century CE in 2016 some researches (analysing finds from 1998) were added, which point to completion of a building in first decades of second century during the reign of Trajan or Hadrian. Any bronze letters, which could inform us about construction date or constructor’s name haven’t been preserved.

Segovia aqueduct

Against Republic. Carthaginian-Macedonian alliance against Romans

During the third century B.C.E Rome continually fought other Mediterranean states. The end of the First Punic War left the Punic empire considerably lessened, and many Carthage’s nobles disgruntled with the peace treaty and expansion into Spain. The resulting clash with Rome influenced both the republic and other states that were in conflict with it at the time, e.g. Macedonia. Hannibal’s victories over the legions convinced the Macedonian leader that Romans can be beaten and routed and that an alliance with victorious Carthage would be politically advantageous.

A scene from the movie "Aleksander". Macedonian phalanx on the  march

Wolf. Animal of ancient Rome

The Wolf was an animal of great cult status and was well established in the memory of the ancient Romans. It often influenced the history of Rome, was a respected animal, associated with religious rites, and his motif was often used by Roman writers.

The wolf finds Romulus and Remus

Amphitheater in Pula

Roman city Pietas Julia (now Croatian Pula) was a thriving urban center. Trade contributed to this, especially because the settlement was erected (even before the arrival of the Romans), on the bay which is an excellent natural port. It was precisely thanks to the economic importance of the Romanum Pietas Julia that it developed, which also resulted in the construction of more and more impressive public buildings, such as temples, baths and cultural facilities. By far the most impressive object, including civitas, was the amphitheater in Pula.

Reconstruction of the course of the battle at the foot of the Harzhorn  hill during the campaign of Emperor Maximinus Thrac in 235 CE

How ancient people trained?

Physical culture has long been one of the key aspects of our lives. Since the dawn of time, people have benefited from the benefits of body training.

As the ancients practiced

Rufus’ military rights

Thanks to the work of Johann Lowenklau, we have the opportunity to get acquainted with the collection of military rights commonly referred to as Rufus’ military rights. This collection was one of the three codices attached to the Eclipse, and it is thanks to the aforementioned German scholar that we have survived to our times. 

Rufus' Military Rights

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